Quarterly Report on Relationships Between Housing, Business, and Open Space

This research explores the notion of urban accessibility, defined as the spatial separation between dwelling units and 32 types of destinations including shopping, open space, and public services. Using data on the roughly five million residential land parcels in Southern California, we use network analyses and multilevel regression modeling to determine what it is about homes that make them more or less accessible to a wide variety of destination types. In most places across the region, older homes, smaller homes, and multifamily residences have a positive relationship to accessibility; however this varies widely across counties and cities.

Read the Report on What makes housing accessible to everyday destinations in Southern California?

Changes to the urban built environment have impacts on the social and ecological footprint of cities and regions long beyond their original planned lifespan. In particular, urban sustainability, transportation energy use, and community well-being and cohesiveness are largely determined by development decisions that led to the way our cities are arranged. This research explores the notion of urban accessibility, defined as the spatial separation between dwelling units and 32 types of destinations including shopping, open space, and public services. Using data on the roughly five million residential land parcels in Southern California, we use network analyses and multilevel regression modeling to determine what it is about homes that make them more or less accessible to a wide variety of destination types. In most places across the region, older homes, smaller homes, and multifamily residences have a positive relationship to accessibility; however this varies widely across counties and cities.

Download the full report here.

Explore the web app on the Relationships between Housing, Business and Open space

Click here for a web mapping application that allows you to explore the notion of urban accessibility, defined as the spatial separation between dwelling units and 32 types of destinations including shopping, open space, and public services for cities throughout Southern California. This application corresponds to MFI’s Quarterly Report “What makes housing accessible to everyday destinations in Southern California?”

Quarterly Report on Jobs-Housing Balance in Egohoods in Southern California

WebMapHousingEgoA challenge for any region is matching the location of where residents live and where jobs are located.  On the one hand, residents typically prefer not to be too close to industrial or commercial sites. On the other hand, residents typically do not want to be too far from jobs, as this implies longer commute times.  And longer commutes overall aggregate to an overtaxing of the transportation system.  Thus, the “balance” between the location of jobs and housing is of considerable interest to policy makers and scholars. In this Report, we study the relationship between the location of jobs and the residential location of potential workers.  We distinguish between two related concepts.  First, jobs-housing ratios capture locations that are particularly job-rich versus locations that are job deserts.  Second, jobs-housing imbalance captures locations that have a big difference between the number of jobs and workers.

Explore this report using our web mapping application.

Or, you can download the full report here.

Read the Jobs-Housing Balance in Egohoods in Southern California

A challenge for any region is matching the location of where residents live and where jobs are located.  On the one hand, residents typically prefer not to be too close to industrial or commercial sites.  On the other hand, residents typically do not want to be too far from jobs, as this implies longer commute times. This report highlights trends in jobs-housing balance in Southern California since 2002 and offers some methodological improvements in analyzing this indicator of urban sustainability.

Download the full report here.

 

Explore the web app on Jobs-Housing Balance in Egohoods in Southern California

WebMapHousingEgoClick here for a web mapping application that allows you to explore job-housing balance at the neighborhood level using the 2.5 mile area around each block.  This application corresponds to MFI’s Quarterly Report “Jobs-Housing Balance in Egohoods in Southern California.”

“Los Angeles employment concentration in the 21st century” published in Urban Studies

fig3A component of the MFI research team’s work on employment concentration in Southern California has recently been published in the journal Urban Studies.  Authors Kevin Kane, John Hipp, and Jae Hong Kim use high-resolution data and spatial statistical techniques to illustrate that numerous changes lie beneath the surface of employment center evolution in Los Angeles from 1997-2014.  A web mapping application and video describe this broader research project, and can be found here: http://mfi.soceco.uci.edu/category/quarterly-report/detecting-job-density-over-time/.

MFI Presentation to the Southern California Association of Government’s Regional Council Meeting

On Thursday, September 29, 2016 Dr. John Hipp and Dr. Kevin Kane presented cutting-edge research focusing on different dimensions of the Southern California region, and the consequences for neighborhoods in the region to the Southern California Association of Government’s Regional Council Meeting.

The presentation focused on the research findings of the most recent MFI Quarterly Reports:

Watch the MFI Research Team provide further insight on the findings and answer questions.

Quarterly Report on Neighborhood Mixing and Economic Dynamism

We typically think of neighborhoods as fairly homogeneous areas within cities.  Nonetheless, some neighborhoods are highly mixed and others are not based on things like income, racial composition, age, land use, and the type of housing they contain.  We analyze mixing across these dimensions in Southern California, then ask what are the consequences of mixing for economic dynamism in neighborhoods.  Explore this report using our web mapping application, or download the full report here.

 

The Metropolitan Futures Initiative (MFI) Quarterly Report Webinar

On Tuesday, August 9, 2016 Dr. John Hipp and Dr. Kevin Kane presented cutting-edge research focusing on different dimensions of the Southern California region, and the consequences for neighborhoods in the region.

The webinar focused on the research findings of the most recent MFI Quarterly Reports:

Watch the MFI Research Team provide further insight on the findings and answer questions.