Quarterly Report on Rising Inequality and Neighborhood Mixing in Metropolitan Areas

This Report provides new insights into some of the spatial relationships involved in both neighborhood mixing and regional inequality through an investigation of 381 metropolitan areas in the U.S. in 2010 using advanced measurement strategies and analysis methods.

The study uses a novel neighborhood unit—egohoods—to measure the degree of mixing that occurs within the neighborhoods of these metropolitan areas.  It measures mixing based on income, occupational status, and educational achievement.

We compare the level of mixing on these three dimensions across all metropolitan areas in the U.S. in 2010.

Below is a map showing the level of income mixing in neighborhoods for each of the metropolitan areas in the U.S.

Quarterly Report on Typology of Southern California neighborhood home values from 1960-2015

For many households, a home is their largest investment. In addition, for households much of their lives are lived within the neighborhood that contains their house. For these reasons, and many others,
there is naturally an interest in understanding the pattern of home value appreciation, or depreciation, across neighborhoods over time. We explore the change in home values across Southern California neighborhoods over a 50 year period.

For our analyses, we use data from 5 U.S. Censuses: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000; as well as the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data in 2005-09 and 2011-15. We adopt a statistical approach that allows us to create a typology of how neighborhoods change based on their home values over time. Our analyses yielded 16 different classes of neighborhoods. In this Report, we will describe these classes of neighborhoods based on their demographic composition over this period, and where they are located spatially.

Download the full report here.

Quarterly Report on Race and Income Composition of Southern California Neighborhoods

The neighborhoods we live in are important, as they are the locations of our daily activities. Nonetheless, there are differences in the characteristics of neighborhoods across any city or region. Our goal in this Report is to better understand the differences between neighborhoods. In particular, we are interested in understanding the differences in neighborhoods based on the socio-economic status of the household, as well as the racial/ethnic composition of the household. This better understanding can shed light on any possible inequalities that may exist and require policy attention. Furthermore, by taking a long-term view to this question—by studying the region from 1980 to present—we are able to provide insight on what types of changes have occurred in these neighborhoods over this period of time.

Download the full report here (.pdf)


The Metropolitan Futures Initiative (MFI) Quarterly Report Webinar August 2017

On Tuesday, August 15, 2017 Dr. John Hipp, Dr. Kevin Kane, & Dr. Jae Hong Kim presented cutting-edge research focusing on different dimensions of the Southern California region, and the consequences for neighborhoods in the region.

The webinar focused on the research findings of the most recent MFI Quarterly Reports:

Watch the MFI Research Team provide further insight on the findings and answer questions.

Quarterly Report on Business Relocations in Southern California

Business recruitment has long been one of the most popular strategies for state and local economic development in the US, but little is understood about the precise physical location of business moves, such as the surrounding neighborhoods and how far away a firm relocates.  This Report takes a spatially precise approach toward analyzing business relocations in the seven-county Southern California region from 1997-2014. We analyze moves within cities and across city boundaries, as well as the characteristics of the neighborhoods which businesses leave – and move to.

Download the full report here (.pdf).  Register for the webinar covering this report on 8/15/2017 here.

Quarterly Report on Relationships Between Housing, Business, and Open Space

This research explores the notion of urban accessibility, defined as the spatial separation between dwelling units and 32 types of destinations including shopping, open space, and public services. Using data on the roughly five million residential land parcels in Southern California, we use network analyses and multilevel regression modeling to determine what it is about homes that make them more or less accessible to a wide variety of destination types. In most places across the region, older homes, smaller homes, and multifamily residences have a positive relationship to accessibility; however this varies widely across counties and cities.

MFI, School of Social Ecology co-hosts Sustainability Forum with American Institute of Architects and US Green Building Council

Shaping a Sustainable Built Environment in Orange County
A dialogue for all of us: the social, economic, and ecological impacts of smart growth, for a sustainable future
April 12, 2017 at University of California – Irvine

Quarterly Report on Jobs-Housing Balance in Egohoods in Southern California

WebMapHousingEgoA challenge for any region is matching the location of where residents live and where jobs are located.  On the one hand, residents typically prefer not to be too close to industrial or commercial sites. On the other hand, residents typically do not want to be too far from jobs, as this implies longer commute times.  And longer commutes overall aggregate to an overtaxing of the transportation system.  Thus, the “balance” between the location of jobs and housing is of considerable interest to policy makers and scholars. In this Report, we study the relationship between the location of jobs and the residential location of potential workers.  We distinguish between two related concepts.  First, jobs-housing ratios capture locations that are particularly job-rich versus locations that are job deserts.  Second, jobs-housing imbalance captures locations that have a big difference between the number of jobs and workers.

Explore this report using our web mapping application.

Or, you can download the full report here.

“Los Angeles employment concentration in the 21st century” published in Urban Studies

fig3A component of the MFI research team’s work on employment concentration in Southern California has recently been published in the journal Urban Studies.  Authors Kevin Kane, John Hipp, and Jae Hong Kim use high-resolution data and spatial statistical techniques to illustrate that numerous changes lie beneath the surface of employment center evolution in Los Angeles from 1997-2014.  A web mapping application and video describe this broader research project, and can be found here: https://mfi.soceco.uci.edu/category/quarterly-report/detecting-job-density-over-time/.

MFI Presentation to the Southern California Association of Government’s Regional Council Meeting

On Thursday, September 29, 2016 Dr. John Hipp and Dr. Kevin Kane presented cutting-edge research focusing on different dimensions of the Southern California region, and the consequences for neighborhoods in the region to the Southern California Association of Government’s Regional Council Meeting.

The presentation focused on the research findings of the most recent MFI Quarterly Reports:

Watch the MFI Research Team provide further insight on the findings and answer questions.