While job growth in a region is crucially important, the dynamic of business creation and business closure can reveal a lot about a region’s economy. Does churning lead to “creative destruction” and a more efficient economy in the long-run or might it have negative consequences, especially in certain neighborhoods? This report analyzes business churning at the neighborhood level across Southern California with an eye toward socio-demographic characteristics and local measures of well-being. Download the full report here.
Click here for a web mapping application that allows you to explore the relationships between business churning, job growth, and clustering across Southern California.
Peer-reviewed research based on the analyses in this Report will be published soon. Please return at a later date.
Measuring the accessibility of neighborhood businesses amidst evolving residential development patterns
Dr. Kevin Kane evaluates the impact of building-level and neighborhood-level characteristics on the accessibility of neighborhood businesses to housing units using Long Beach, California as a case study. While advocates of smart growth and New Urbanism encourage both mixed-use developments and land use mixing, analysis at the aggregated level can be too coarse to pick up on the fine-grained characteristics of urban streetscapes.
The 2014 Southern California Regional Progress Report was prepared by researchers with the School of Social Ecology’s Metropolitan Futures Initiative, which aims to build a base of knowledge to guide policymakers in improving the overall quality of life in the Southland. It is the second installment in a biennial series of Regional Progress Reports.
The inaugural Southern California Regional Progress Report was prepared by researchers with the School of Social Ecology’s Metropolitan Futures Initiative, which aims to build a base of knowledge to guide policymakers in improving the overall quality of life in the Southland.
- Land Use and Vehicle Miles of Travel in the Climate Change Debate: Getting Smarter than Your Average Bear.
by Marlon G. Boarnet, Douglas Houston, Gavin Ferguson, and Steven Spears
- Affordable Housing in Transportation Corridors – Built Environment, Accessibility, and Air Pollution Implications of Near-Roadway Residential Locations. Principal Investigator: Douglas Houston, UCI Policy, Planning and Design; Co- Principal Investigator: Jun Wu, UCI Epidemiology & Program in Public Health. Abstract is here.
- Kane, Kevin, John R. Hipp, and Jae Hong Kim. (2017). Analyzing accessibility using parcel data: Is there still an access-space trade-off in Long Beach, California? The Professional Geographer.
- Kane, Kevin, John R. Hipp, and Jae Hong Kim. (2016). “Los Angeles employment concentration in the 21st century.” Urban Studies.
- Kim, Jae Hong, John R. Hipp, and Victoria Basolo. (2017). “Municipal Planning and Urban Land Use Change Dynamics in Southern California.” Journal of Planning Education and Research. [This project explores how the policies of cities, and the broader context surrounding them, impacts land use development.]
- Hipp, John R. and Alyssa W. Chamberlain. (2015). “Foreclosures and crime: A City-level Analysis in Southern California of a Dynamic Process.” Social Science Research. 51(2): 219-232. [This project explores how the impact of foreclosures on crime rates differs across cities based on the socio-demographic characteristics of cities.]
- Hipp, John R. and Amrita Singh. (2014). “Changing Neighborhood Determinants of Housing Price Trends in Southern California, 1960-2009.” City & Community. 13(3): 254-274. [This project studies whether the relationship between certain characteristics of neighborhoods and home values have changed over a 50 year period in Southern California. An important finding is that the negative relationship with racial/ethnic minorities has decreased substantially in recent decades.]
- Regional Leadership in Air Quality Program – Marlon Boarnet (Professor of Planning, Policy, and Design) and Lindell Marsh (attorney and lecturer in Planning, Policy, and Design) convened a series of meetings with leaders of key regional agencies and stakeholders in 2009 that produced a common understanding of the region’s land use – air quality – transportation – energy infrastructure challenges. This effort is supported by SCAG, leading planning firms, UC Irvine, and Cal State University San Bernardino.
- Community Scholars Program – Supports the capacity building and organizational development of non-profits through applied “place-based” research. Recent Community Scholar projects include the development of a “foreclosure counseling” program for the Neighborhood Housing Services of Orange County and the evaluation of a community building initiative by the Office of Orange County Human Relations (OCHR). The latter resulted in OCHR securing a $225,000 continuation grant from the St. Joseph Health System.